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Deindustrialisation and the long term decline in fatal occupational injuries.

Authors
Loomis-D; Richardson-DB; Bena-JF; Bailer-AJ
Source
Occup Environ Med 2004 Jul; 61(7):616-621
NIOSHTIC No.
20025631
Abstract
To examine the extent to which deindustrialisation accounts for long term trends in occupational injury risk in the United States. Rates of fatal unintentional occupational injury were computed using data from death certificates and the population census. Trends were estimated using Poisson regression. Standardisation and regression methods were used to adjust for the potential effect of structural change in the labour market. The fatal occupational injury rate for all industries declined 45% from 1980 to 1996 (RR (rate ratio) 0.55, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.57). Adjustment for structural changes in the workforce shifted the RR to 0.62 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.65). Expanding industries enjoyed more rapid reduction in risk (-3.43% per year, 95% CI -3.62 to -3.24) than those that contracted (-2.65% per year, 95% CI -2.88 to -2.42). Deindustrialisation contributed to the decline of fatal occupational injury rates in the United States, but explained only 10-15% of the total change.
Keywords
Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Industrial-hazards; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates
Contact
Prof. D Loomis, Department of Epidemiology, CB-7435 UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, USA
CODEN
OEMEEM
Publication Date
20040701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Dana.Loomis@unc.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003910
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
1351-0711
NIOSH Division
EID
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Risk Assessment Methods
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
OH; NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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