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Surveillance and occupational health.

Authors
Fine-LJ
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 1999 Jan-Mar; 5(1):26-29
NIOSHTIC No.
20025601
Abstract
This report explains the basics of two important uses of surveillance data: determining the magnitude of a specific occupational health or injury problem and examining temporal trends to determine whether the problem is increasing or decreasing. Types of data available for the purpose and some of their strengths and weaknesses are described. The utility of surveillance data is illustrated with examples from surveillance of acute injuries, musculoskeletal disorders, lead overexposures, and hazard surveillance data sets. Increasingly, surveillance systems may be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. Surveillance is most important in times of rapid change in the economy and when resources for prevention may be limited. Both conditions are common in the world today.
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Occupational-health; Injuries; Occupational-hazards; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Lead-compounds; Injury-prevention; Health-hazards
Contact
Dr. Lawrence J. Fine, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Robert A. Taft Laboratories, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA
CODEN
IOEHFU
Publication Date
19990101
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1077-3525
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
OH
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