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Epidemiology of work-related musculoskeletal disorders.

Authors
Hales-TR; Bernard-BP
Source
Orthop Clin North Am 1996 Oct; 27(4):679-709
NIOSHTIC No.
20025532
Abstract
Musculoskeletal disorders are common in the United States. Although precise estimates are not available, most researchers agree that exposure to a combination of work place risk factors is a major contributor to these disorders. Along with personal factors (age, gender, etc.). Epidemiologic studies of workers have associated these disorders with many work-place physical and psychosocial factors. Specific physical factors associated with these disorders include intense, repeated, or sustained exertions, awkward, sustained, or extreme postures of the body, insufficient recovery time, vibration, and cold temperatures. Specific examples of work-place psychosocial factors include monotonous work, time pressure, high work load, lack of peer support, and a poor supervisor-employee relationship.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Occupational-exposure; Exposure-assessment; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Racial-factors
CODEN
OCLNAQ
Publication Date
19961001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0030-5898
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Orthopedic Clinics of North America
State
OH
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