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Prevention of lead poisoning in construction workers: a new public health approach.

Authors
Vork-KL; Hammond-SK; Sparer-J; Cullen-MR
Source
Am J Ind Med 2001 Mar; 39(3):243-253
NIOSHTIC No.
20025437
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In 1990, Yale University, the Connecticut Departments of Health Services and of Transportation, the Connecticut Construction Industries Association, and the state's construction trade unions created the Connecticut Road Industry Surveillance Project (CRISP). METHODS: Data from 90 bridge projects from 1991 to 1995 and approximately 2,000 workers were evaluated. The distribution of peak lead concentrations in the blood for CRISP workers classified into five groups were compared to that from workers outside of Connecticut. RESULTS: This demonstration project was instrumental in lowering bridge worker blood lead levels. After 1992, only the painting contract employees experienced peak blood lead levels with < or = 2% exceeding 50 microg/dl. Compared to similar workers in other states, Connecticut workers had significantly lower peak blood lead levels. CONCLUSIONS: Two thousand workers and over 120 contractors benefited directly from CRISP. Two key features of the CRISP model differed from the 1993 OSHA standard: a contract-specified lead health protection program and a centralized system of medical monitoring. These differences may account for the improved protection observed between the CRISP and non-Connecticut cohorts.
Keywords
Lead-poisoning; Lead-compounds; Lead-dust; Lead-fumes; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Construction-materials; Painters; Painting; Paint-spraying; Abrasive-blasting; Abrasive-grinding; Occupational-health-programs; Author Keywords: prevention programs; lead exposure; construction industry; OSHA lead standard
Contact
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, 140 Warren Hall, MC 7360, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-7360
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
20010301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
hammondk@uclink4.berkeley.edu
Funding Type
Grant; Construction; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003624; U60-CCU-106170; T42-CCT-910427
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
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