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Changing patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality - United States, 1968 - 2000.

Authors
Attfield-MD; Wood-JM; Antao-VC; Pinheiro-GA
Source
MMWR 2004 Jul; 53(28):627-630, 632
NIOSHTIC No.
20025412
Abstract
Pneumoconioses are caused by the inhalation and deposition of mineral dusts in the lungs, resulting in pulmonary fibrosis and other parenchymal changes. Many persons with early pneumoconiosis are asymptomatic, but advanced disease often is accompanied by disability and premature death. Known pneumoconioses include coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), silicosis, asbestosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, graphitosis, and talcosis. No effective treatment for these diseases is available (1). This report describes the temporal patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality during 1968--2000, which indicates an overall decrease in pneumoconiosis mortality. However, asbestosis increased steadily and is now the most frequently recorded pneumoconiosis on death certificates. Increased awareness of this trend is needed among health-care providers, employers, workers, and public health agencies.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Asbestos-workers; Asbestosis; Mineral-dusts; Lung-disease; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
1332-21-4
Publication Date
20040723
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
28
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
GA; WV
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