Surveillance of disaster - a view from the denominator.
Proceedings of The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS) Conference 1998, George Washington University, Washington DC, May 20, 1998. The International Emergency Management Society, 1998 May; :37-45
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is dedicated to achieving "safety and health at work for all people - through research and prevention." An important procedure in pursuing this goal is the NIOSH surveillance studies where the number of injuries are monitored according to demographic, employment, and injury characteristics. These numeric data are then used to identify injury risk factors, develop safety programs, and monitor implemented remediation methods. In essence, ongoing surveillance data form the bases for directing the resources of NIOSH in setting of research and prevention priorities and in evaluating safety procedures. I believe that we need to rethink our evaluation of work place disasters, what is worker exposure, and what are the underlying assumptions (both explicit and implicit) as to the impact that economic, societal and degree of hazard factors make on risk evaluation. The answers to all these problems, will require much broader considerations than those in current surveillance safety and health models. This paper discusses some facets of those considerations.
Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Safety-monitoring; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Worker-health
Proceedings of The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS) Conference 1998