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A life-cycle approach for development and use of emergency response and health protection instrumentation.

Hoover-MD; Cox-M
Public Protection from Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Terrorism, A. Brodsky, R. H. Johnson Jr, and R. E. Goans eds., Madison, WI: Medical Physics Publishing, 2004 Jul; :317-324
This chapter presents a "life-cycle" approach to the development and use of emergency response and health protection instrumentation for responding to emergencies involving dispersion of biological, chemical, radioactive, or nuclear materials. The life-cycle approach presented in this chapter is derived from participation in and review of historical experience with health protection and industrial hygiene instrumentation for air monitoring, personal dosimetry, and detection of biological, chemical, and radioactive materials. This includes recent experience in development of new consensus standards for homeland security applications (Cox and Hoover 2004). The life-cycle approach is generally applicable to the development and deployment of instrumentation for any purpose. In all cases, developing documentation and national and international consensus standards adequate to, guide, record, and demonstrate the scientific defensibility of instrument use throughout the life-cycle process is considered essential to success. As described below, the life-cycle approach provides a template for improved understanding and collaboration between all stakeholders in the process. Stakeholders include threat assessment professionals, vulnerability assessment experts, research and development scientists and engineers, instrument manufacturers and vendors, procurement specialists and their technical representatives in first-responder and other user organizations, instrument calibration and maintenance specialists, instrument users, and the workers and members of the public we strive to protect. The approach is relevant to new instrument concepts as well as to refinement or modification of commercially available instruments for specific purposes.
Emergency-response; Emergency-responders; Emergency-equipment; Biological-agents; Radioactive-materials; Health-protection; Industrial-hygiene; Air-monitoring; Dosimetry; Safety-measures; Biological-warfare-agents; Biological-weapons; Chemical-warfare-agents
Mark D. Hoover, PhD, CHP, CIH, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888
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Document Type
Book or book chapter
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Brodsky-A; Johnson Jr-RH; Goans-RE
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NTIS Accession No.
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NIOSH Division
Source Name
Public Protection from Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Terrorism