Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Airflow obstruction attributable to work in industry and occupation among U.S. race/ethnic groups: a study of NHANES III data.

Authors
Hnizdo-E; Sullivan-PA; Bang-KM; Wagner-G
Source
Am J Ind Med 2004 Aug; 46(2):126-135
NIOSHTIC No.
20025368
Abstract
To estimate the fraction of airflow obstruction attributable to workplace exposure by U.S. race/ethnic group. U.S. population-based third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) data on 4,086 Caucasians, 2,774 African-Americans, and 2,568 Mexican-Americans, aged 30-75, were studied. Airflow obstruction was defined as FEV1/FVC<75% and FEV1<80% predicted. Weighted prevalence, and prevalence odds ratios (OR) adjusted for the effect of age, smoking status, pack-years, body mass index, education, and socio-economic status were estimated using SUDAAN software. Industries with the most cases of airflow obstruction attributable to workplace exposure include: armed forces; rubber, plastics, and leather manufacturing; utilities; textile mill manufacturing; health care; food products manufacturing; sales; construction; and agriculture. The fraction of cases with airflow obstruction associated with work in industry varied by race/ethnic group and was estimated as 22.2% (95% CI 9.1-33.4) among Caucasians, 23.4% (95% CI 2.2-40.0) among African-Americans, and 49.6% (32.1-62.6) among Mexican-Americans. This study found differences in the fraction of airflow obstruction cases associated with employment pattern among major U.S. race/ethnic population groups.
Keywords
Airway-obstruction; Air-flow; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Work-environment; Occupational-exposure; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Respiratory-system-disorders; Surveillance
Contact
Eva Hnizdo, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, MS H2800, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20040801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
exh6@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Construction
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
TOP