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Epidemiology and prevention of helicopter external load accidents.

Authors
Manwaring-JC; Conway-GA; Garrett-LC
Source
J Saf Res 1998 Jun; 29(2):107-121
NIOSHTIC No.
20025196
Abstract
From 1980 through 1995, there were 230 helicopter external load accidents resulting in 57 fatalities and 74 serious nonfatal injuries in the United States investigated by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). Helicopter external load operations, such as helicopter logging, place unique demands on the aircraft helicopters and the pilots who fly them. A descriptive analysis of NTSB "accident briefs" indicates that mechanical failure, pilot error, and maintenance errors were cited as the most common probable causes of the accidents. Recent experience in Alaska has shown that by adhering to existing regulations and manufacturer recommendations, and by implementing improved training and frequent maintenance, helicopter external load operations are safer with fewer accidents, crashes, and injuries.
Keywords
Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Air-transportation; Aircraft; Aircraft-parts-and-auxiliary-equipment; Aircrews; Airport-personnel; Airports; Aircraft-engines; Training; Logging-workers; Lumber-industry; Injury-prevention; Author Keywords: Helicopter external load operations; helicopter fatalities; helicopter nonfatal injuries
Contact
Jan C. Manwaring, NIOSH Alaska Field Station, 4230 University Drive, Suite 310, Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
19980601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
JCM3@CDC.GOV
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0022-4375
NIOSH Division
DSR; AFS
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
WV
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