Roles of epidemiology, pathology, molecular biology, and biomarkers in the investigation of occupational lung cancer.
Vallyathan-V; Green-F; Ducatman-B; Schulte-P
J Toxicol Environ Health, B 1998 Apr-Jun; 1(2):91-116
The pathology and molecular biology of lung cancer demonstrate that these tumors evolve through a series of mutations, molecular changes, and corresponding morphologic changes. To elucidate how occupational and environmental factors influence lung cancer histogenesis it is important not only to understand epidemiology and the interactions between etiologic agents but also to integrate information from pathology, biochemistry and molecular biology. This review focuses on the range of techniques currently available for characterizing lung cancer and how their prudent use can be beneficial in the identification of occupational carcinogens. Because many occupational and environmental lung cancers are caused by multiple etiologic agents, the integration of histology with cellular, biochemical and molecular biomarker techniques may provide new approaches for understanding the disease process.
Pathology; Molecular-biology; Molecular-structure; Lung; Lung-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-cancer; Tumors; Morphology; Histomorphology; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders
Dr. Val Vallyathan, Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, HELD, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B: Critical Reviews