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CFD analysis of mine fire smoke spread and reverse flow conditions.

Authors
Edwards-JC; Hwang-CC
Source
Proceedings of the Eighth US Mine Ventilation Symposium, Rolla, Missouri, June 11-17, 1999. Rolla, Missouri: University of Missouri-Rolla Press, 1999 Jun; :417-422
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20024905
Abstract
A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) program was used to model buoyancy induced Product-Of-Combustion (POC) spread from experimental fires in the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Pittsburgh Research Laboratory (PRL), safety research coal mine. In one application, the CFD program was used to predict spread from fires in an entry under zero airflow conditions. At a location, 0.41 m below the entry's roof at a distance of 30 m from the fire, the measured smoke spread rates were 0.093 and 0.23 m/s for a 30 and a 296 kw fire, respectively. The CFD program predicted spread rates of 0.15 and 0.26 m/s based upon the measured fire heat production rates. Based upon a computation with c3h8 as the hydrocarbon fuel, a predicted 5 PPM co alert time of 70 s at a distance of 30 m from the fire is to be compared with the measured alert time of 148 s. In a second application, the CFD program was used to analyze smoke flow reversal conditions, and the results were compared with visual observations of smoke reversal for 12 diesel fuel fires. The CFD predictions were in qualitative agreement with visual observations of smoke reversal.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Mine-fires; Smoke-control; Fire-safety; Ventilation; Ventilation-equipment; Ventilation-systems
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Publication Date
19990611
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Tien-JC
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
1887009043
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Proceedings of the Eighth US Mine Ventilation Symposium, Rolla, Missouri, June 11-17, 1999
State
PA; MO
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