The health of workers in many industries is at risk through occupational exposure to toxic substances. In order to estimate workers' exposures, occupational contact with airborne hazardous materials at the job site is typically monitored by sampling and analyzing workplace atmospheres. This monitoring takes place because, in occupational settings, inhalation is ordinarily the most likely route of entry of hazardous substances into the body. Dermal contact and ingestion are other potential routes of occupational exposure to chemical agents. Hence in addition to methods for workplace air monitoring, procedures for measuring surface contaminants in the workplace are also desirable. Within ASTM International Committee D22 on Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres, Subcommittee D22.04 on Sampling and Analysis of Workplace Atmospheres produces standards that describe methods of collecting and measuring chemical hazards in the workplace. This subcommittee has been active for decades, and its members (presently numbering more than 50) have developed many needed standards consisting of test methods, practices, and guides. These consensus standards are meant for use by industrial hygienists, chemists, engineers, health physicists, toxicologists, epidemiologists, and myriad other professionals. To date, D22.04 has promulgated more than 30 standards (Table 1). Many of these standards have also appeared in ASTM compendia publications such as Environmental Sampling and Analysis. Different types of standards are produced, including standards for terminology, as well as standard guides, practices, and test methods (in order of increasingly detailed specification).
Workplace-monitoring; Sampling; Atmosphere-analyzers; Occupational-exposure; Toxic-materials; Chemical-agent-detectors; Chemical-processing; Health-hazards; Health-standards; Standards; Testing-equipment; Measurement-equipment; Analytical-chemistry; Analytical-instruments; Work-practices; Gases; Vapors; Metals; Acid-mists; Aerosols; Dusts; Metalloids; Organic-compounds; Inorganic-compounds