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Occupational injuries among older workers with disabilities: a prospective cohort study of the Health and Retirement Survey, 1992 to 1994.

Authors
Zwerling-C; Sprince-NL; Davis-CS; Whitten-PS; Wallace-RB; Heeringa-SG
Source
Am J Publ Health 1998 Nov; 88(11):1691-1695
NIOSHTIC No.
20024792
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that among older workers, disabilities in general, and hearing and visual impairments in particular, are risk factors for occupational injuries. METHODS: Using the first 2 interviews of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of Americans aged 51 to 61 years, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 5600 employed nonfarmers. RESULTS: Testing a logistic regression model developed in a previous cross-sectional study, we found that the following occupations and risk factors were associated with occupational injury as estimated by odds ratios: service personnel, odds ratio = 1.71 (95% confidence interval = 1.13, 2.57); mechanics and repairers, 3.47 (1.98, 6.10); operators and assemblers, 2.33 (1.51, 3.61); laborers, 3.16 (1.67, 5.98); jobs requiring heavy lifting, 2.05 (1.55, 2.70); self-employment, 0.50 (0.34, 0.73); and self-reported disability, 1.58 (1.14, 2.19). Replacing the general disability variable with specific hearing and visual impairment variables, we found that poor hearing (1.35 [0.95, 1.93]) and poor sight (1.45 [0.94, 2.22]) both had elevated odds ratios. CONCLUSIONS: Poor sight and poor hearing, as well as work disabilities in general, are associated with occupational injuries among older workers.
Keywords
Occupational-health; Injuries; Risk-factors; Age-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Workers; Job-analysis; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Craig Zwerling, MD, PhD, MPH, University of Iowa Prevention Research Center, 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 AMRF, Iowa City, IA 52242
CODEN
AJHEAA
Publication Date
19981101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
craig-zwerling@uiowa.edu
Funding Amount
160685
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-000150
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0090-0036
Priority Area
Investigation of Adverse Effects
Source Name
American Journal of Public Health
State
IA; MI
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, School of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa
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