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A new approach to identifying bystander exposures among construction workers.

Authors
Rice-CH; Bingham-E; Succop-P; Pinney-S
Source
Eur J Oncol 1998 Jan; 3(4):335-337
NIOSHTIC No.
20024690
Abstract
This work was undertaken to investigate whether use of various types of memory prompts would increase the number of areas construction workers recalled working in or around. Construction workers are exposed to hazardous materials which are used in their craft as well as exposures which occur because of other activities in the area. These latter "bystander" exposures are especially challenging to evaluate, as construction workers move between many jobs during a career; particularly in the past, little information about on-going processes was shared with construction workers hired to do contract work in the manufacturing sector. Construction carpenters employed at the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation during the past 55 years agreed to participate. Maps of major sectors of the Reservation (X-l0, Y-l2, K-25) showing process buildings and storage and disposal locations were used as a memory prompt. Initial interviews used no prompts; second interviews included a prompt. The number of buildings recalled by the carpenter in each of the two interviews was determined and compared. The use of maps was shown to be a very useful trigger in that the number of work locations recalled was increased (p<0.000l). This approach has been shown to result in enhanced recall of work locations among carpenters who have held multiple job assignments at a major US weapons facility.
Keywords
Construction-workers; Nuclear-hazards; Toxic-materials; Health-hazards; Exposure-levels; Surveillance-programs; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-diseases; Cancer; Hazardous-materials; Asbestosis; Beryllium-disease
Contact
Carol H. Rice, University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, PO Box 670056, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA
Publication Date
19980101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
333468
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-CCR-512026
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1128-6598
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Surveillance Research Methods
Source Name
European Journal of Oncology
State
OH
Performing Organization
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
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