Seismic studies and numberical modeling at the Homestake Mine, Lead, SD.
Proceedings: Mechanics and Mitigation of Violent Failure in Coal and Hard-Rock Mines. Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1995 May; :347-355
Stresses around mine openings at depth can cause the surrounding rock to fail, releasing stored strain energy. When this happens, the rock may literally explode or "burst" into the opening without warning. As mining progresses deeper into the earth, the possibility of seismic events and rock bursts increases. Researchers at the U.S. Bureau of Mines are currently studying seismic activity in three underground hard-rock mines in the United States: the Homestake Mine, Lead, SD; the Lucky Friday Mine, Mullan, ID; and the Sunshine Mine, Kellogg, ID. Waveforms from seismic events are recorded by personal-computer-based hardware and software. In addition, researchers are modeling the deep levels of the Homestake Mine using a finite-element code. These models generate stress and displacement values for a given loading condition. By studying in situ stresses and seismic activity along with actual stope sequencing, researchers can make correlations between stresses induced by mining and the frequency and magnitude of seismic events. Information on seismic events coupled with results from finite-element analyses have increased understanding of rock mass behavior and the mechanisms that may lead to rock bursts. Optimization of stope sequencing designs as a result of these studies could reduce rock burst hazards.
Mining-industry; Rock-falls; Rock-bursts; Rock-mechanics; Underground-mining; Control-technology; Geology; Geophysics; Engineering-controls; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Hard-rock-mines
Book or book chapter
Maleki-H; Wopat-PF; Repsher-RC; Tuchman-RJ
Proceedings: Mechanics and Mitigation of Violent Failure in Coal and Hard-Rock Mines