Vanadium and its immunotoxicology.
Toxicology and Ecotoxicology News 1996 Sep-Oct; 3(5):132-135
Though vanadium (V) is one of the more ubiquitous trace elements in the environment, the combustion of V-containing fossil fuels for heating/energy production, and industrial delivery of V-breaking gases/particles into surrounding environs, has resulted in elevated levels of V in metropolitan areas. The V that enters the circulation of an exposed host is preferentially distributed to the kidneys, liver, and bone. As such, while direct effects up6nlun9lgut immune system cells are predictable, the possibility of secondary effects upon immune system cell development is also clear. The following review discusses the means by which humans can be exposed to V, the levels of V commonly encountered, the metabolism of V ,in an exposed host, and an analysis of what is currently known about the immunotoxic effects from V exposure.
Vanadium-compounds; Immunotoxins; Environmental-factors; Work-environment; Fuels; Kidney-disorders; Lung-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Immune-system-disorders
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
Other Occupational Concerns
Toxicology and Ecotoxicology News
New York University, New York, New York