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Vanadium and its immunotoxicology.

Authors
Cohen-MD
Source
Toxicology and Ecotoxicology News 1996 Sep-Oct; 3(5):132-135
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20024500
Abstract
Though vanadium (V) is one of the more ubiquitous trace elements in the environment, the combustion of V-containing fossil fuels for heating/energy production, and industrial delivery of V-breaking gases/particles into surrounding environs, has resulted in elevated levels of V in metropolitan areas. The V that enters the circulation of an exposed host is preferentially distributed to the kidneys, liver, and bone. As such, while direct effects up6nlun9lgut immune system cells are predictable, the possibility of secondary effects upon immune system cell development is also clear. The following review discusses the means by which humans can be exposed to V, the levels of V commonly encountered, the metabolism of V ,in an exposed host, and an analysis of what is currently known about the immunotoxic effects from V exposure.
Keywords
Vanadium-compounds; Immunotoxins; Environmental-factors; Work-environment; Fuels; Kidney-disorders; Lung-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Immune-system-disorders
CAS No.
7440-62-2
Publication Date
19960901
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
Funding Amount
78780
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003064
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1350-4592
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns
Source Name
Toxicology and Ecotoxicology News
State
NY
Performing Organization
New York University, New York, New York
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