Elimination of the friction effects in unconfined compression tests of biomaterials and soft tissues.
Wu-JZ; Dong-RG; Smutz-WP
Proc Inst Mech Eng, H J Eng Med 2004 Jan; 218(1):35-40
The mechanical properties of biomaterials and soft tissues are determined conventionally using unconfined compression tests. In such tests, frictionless specimen/platen contact in unconfined compression tests has to be assumed in determining the material properties of the materials. Previous theoretical analysis demonstrated, however, that the effects of the friction at the specimen/platen contact interface on the measured stress responses are non-negligible. In this study, a computational approach was proposed to eliminate the effects of friction. The friction coefficient between the specimen and the compression platens is measured first. Using a finite element model, the stress-strain relationship, without the influence of the friction effects, can be derived from the experimental data obtained in conventional unconfined compression tests. In order to validate the proposed approach, unconfined compressive tests of rubber have been performed.
Compression-tests; Mechanical-properties-testing; Mechanical-properties; Mechanical-tests; Biomechanics
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine