Proceedings of the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) 2003 Annual Conference. Madison, WI: National Institute for Farm Safety, Inc., 2003 Jun; :1-19
Minority operated farms are less than three percent of farms in the U.S. and are not adequately captured in surveys of farming. The 2000 Minority Farm Operated Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) was designed specifically for the study of racial minority and Hispanic operated farms. This work will examine the demographic and non-fatal injury patterns of youth less than 20 years old on Hispanic operated farms in the U.S. during 2000. The data were extracted from the 2000 M-CAIS, conducted by the National Agricultural Statistics Service in collaboration with the National Institute for Occupational and Health [sic]. The M-CAIS was a census of all minority operated farms in the U.S. using the 1997 Census of Agriculture as the sampling frame. Data were collected using telephone interviews. A non-fatal farm injury was defined as an occurrence that resulted in at least 4 hours of restricted activity or professional medical treatment. During 2000, there were an estimated 287,870 (CI95% ± 8,710) youth less than 20 years old present on Hispanic operated farms sometime during the year. By type of farm, 158,881 (55%) of the youth were on livestock operations and 121,654 (42%) on crop operations. Of the total number of youth, only 17,998 (6%) were household youth living on the farms, with the remainder of the youth consisting of 124,801 (43%) relatives visiting the farm, 139,927 (49%) non-relative visitors, and 5,144 (2%) hired workers. There were an estimated 366 (CI95% ± 25) non-fatal injuries to youth less than 20 years old that occurred on Hispanic operated farms during 2000, for an injury rate of 1.3 per 1,000 youth. By type of farm, 234 (64%) of the injuries occurred on livestock operations and 127 (35%) injuries on crop operations. The injury rate for youth on livestock operations was 1.5 per 1,000 youth and 1.0 per 1,000 youth for crop operations. About 71 % of all injuries occurred to household youth with an injury rate of 14.4 per 1,000 youth. Hired youth had the second highest injury rate (3.2 per 1,000 youth), followed by visiting youth relatives (0.5 per 1,000 youth) and non-relative youth visitors (0.2 per 1,000 youth). Males accounted for 262 (72%) of the injuries and females for 104 (28%). An examination of injuries by age showed that 131 (36%) of the injuries occurred to youth less than 10 years of age, 136 (37%) to youth 10-15, and 94 (26%) to youth 16-19. Youth on Hispanic operated farms are an under-studied segment of the agricultural community in the U.S. The 2000 M-CAIS data will provide previously unavailable statistical estimates for both the demographic characteristics and the non-fatal injury burden of youth less than 20 years old on Hispanic operated farms. These data will help guide safety and health intervention activities for this under-studied segment of the farming community.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505