In 2002, a total of 7,125 sand and gravel mining operations reported employment to the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). A total of 36,535 employees, corresponding to 32,753 full-time equivalent (FTE) employees, were reported by sand and gravel operators. This is a 2.4% decrease in FTE employees from 2001. Ten work-related fatalities occurred among sand and gravel miners in 2002, compared to eight in 2001. There were 826 nonfatal lost-time injuries among sand and gravel employees occurring at a rate of 2.5 per 100 FTE employees. A total of 39,556 days lost from work resulted from these injuries. Twenty cases of occupational illness were reported to MSHA for sand and gravel employees.
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236