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The concept of degraded images applied to hazard recognition training in mining for reduction of lost-time injuries.

Authors
Kowalski-Trakofler-KM; Barrett-EA
Source
J Saf Res 2003 Dec; 34(5):515-525
NIOSHTIC No.
20024293
Abstract
This paper discusses the application of a training intervention that uses degraded images for improving the hazard recognition skills of miners. NIOSH researchers, in an extensive literature review, identified fundamental psychological principles on perception that may be used to enhance the ability of miners to recognize and respond to hazards in their dangerous work environment. Three studies were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the degraded-image training intervention. A model of hazard recognition was developed to guide the study. In the first study, miners from Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Alabama who were taught with the aid of degraded images scored significantly better on followup hazard recognition performance measures than those trained using traditional instructional methodologies. The second and third studies investigated the effectiveness of the training intervention at two mining companies. Data collected over a 3-year period showed that lost-time injuries at mines in Alabama and Illinois declined soon after the training intervention was instituted. Further exploration of the hazard recognition model and the development of other interventions based on the model could support the validity of the steps in the hazard recognition model.
Keywords
Hazard-recognition; Mining; Training; Occupational-safety; Miners; Mine-workers
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
20031201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
KKowalski@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0022-4375
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
PA; WA; AL; IL
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