NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :42
The truck crash experience of for-hire motor carriers in the United States from 2000 to 2001 was studied to identify risk factors by using the Motor Carrier Information System (MCMIS). MCMIS is a computerized system whereby the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) maintains a comprehensive record of the motor carriers and shippers who are subject to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations or Hazardous Materials Regulations. MCMIS data includes a Crash file containing data from State police crash reports electronically transmitted to FMCSA. From 2000 to 2001, there were a total of82,261 police-reported crashes (3,528 fatal, 37,980 injury, and 39,972 tow-away crashes) involving 19,918 for-hire motor carriers with a total of I ,078,61 0 trucks. The fatal crash rate was 0.42 crashes/100 trucks for carriers with 1-30 trucks, 0.17 for carriers with 31-200 trucks, 0.15 for carriers with 1,001-4,000 trucks, 0.14 for carriers with 201 to 1,000 trucks, and 0.06 for carriers of more than 4,000 trucks. The rate was 0.6 for individual operated carriers, 0.24 for partnership carriers, and 0.15 for cooperation carriers. The rate varied by carrier's geographic location from 0.22 per 100 trucks for the Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, and WY) to 0.07 for the Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, NY, NJ, RI, PR, and VI). Intrastate carriers had a higher rate than interstate carriers (0.28 vs. 0.16). The rate was 0.24 for coal and coke carriers, 0.23 for produce carriers, 0.22 for cold food carriers, 0.21 for dry bulk and building material carriers, and 0.20 for general freight and metal/sheet/coils/rolls carriers, compared to 0.16 for for-hire carriers overall. This study suggests some high risk factors related to for-hire motor carrier truck crashes which may warrant further study. Strengths and limitations of using MCMIS data for research are also discussed.
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania