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An international review of currently applicable standards for measuring airborne radioactivity.

Authors
Cox-M; Hoover-MD; Johnson-M; Newton-GJ
Source
Geneva Switzerland: International Electrotechnical Commission, 2003 Aug; :1-20
NIOSHTIC No.
20024140
Abstract
This report reviews currently applicable standards governing the design specification, performance, testing, calibration, and application of radiation protection instrumentation for monitoring and measuring radioactive aerosols. Standards can be categorized in several ways, including: 1. committee of origin at the international, regional, or national level; 2. nature of the standard as either procedural or technical; 3. type or form of radioactive aerosol; 4. relevance to a particular instrument design or hardware; and 5. applicability for monitoring in workplaces, effluent stacks, or the environment. In general, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) provides procedural guidance and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) provides technical specifications. The national committees that are members of ISO and IEC work together to produce industry-wide, voluntary consensus standards that take global views into account. Regional bodies such as the Comité Européen de Normalisation (CEN) and the Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique (CENELEC) adopt ISO and IEC standards for their member countries. Many nations exclusively follow international standards or standards of their regional organizations. The national committees in other nations, such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in the United States, prepare standards or accredit qualified organizations to prepare standards within their own country. ANSI accredits the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the Health Physics Society (HPS) to develop air monitoring standards and maintain them in contemporary form. The development and maintenance of credible technical standards is a living process and the content, status, and applicability of the dozens of standards described in this report comprise a snapshot in time.
Keywords
Radiation-measurement; Radiation-monitoring; Radiation-protection; Protective-measures; Aerosol-sampling; Air-sampling; Air-sampling-techniques; Workplace-monitoring; Standards; Monitors; Monitoring-systems
Contact
Morgan Cox, 2501 West Zia Road 3102, Santa Fe, NM 87505
Publication Date
20030801
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Email Address
morgancx@swcp.com
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
International Electrotechnical Commission
State
NM; WV; WA
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