On June 26, 2003, a 46-year old male volunteer Assistant Chief (the victim) was fatally injured after being ejected from a water tanker as a result of a rollover crash. The victim was traveling to a wildland fire on an unpaved road within a National Forest. The tanker failed to negotiate a curve, rolled over, left the road, and rolled several more times down into a canyon. The victim was ejected from the cab during the rollover and was found lying unresponsive on the ground. He was pronounced dead at the scene. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to minimize the risk of similar occurrences, fire departments should: 1) determine a safe operating weight for water tankers based on vehicle characteristics and remove overweight vehicles from service; 2) develop comprehensive apparatus maintenance programs and guidelines that include regularly scheduled inspections, documentation, and procedures for removing apparatus from service until major defects are repaired; 3) ensure that all fire apparatus are equipped with seat belts; 4) Additionally, States should consider developing a vehicle inspection and maintenance program prior to distributing surplus military vehicles to the fire service.