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Sampling and analysis considerations for the determination of hexavalent chromium in workplace air.

Authors
Ashley-K; Howe-AM; Demange-M; Nygren-O
Source
J Environ Monit 2003 Oct; 5(5):707-716
NIOSHTIC No.
20023969
Abstract
Airborne hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) is a known human respiratory carcinogen and allergen. Workers in a variety of industries may be exposed to airborne hexavalent chromium, with exposures frequently occurring via inhalation and/or dermal contact. Analytical methods for the measurement of Cr(VI) compounds in workplace samples, rather than for the determination of total elemental chromium in workplace air, are often desired because exposure limit values for Cr(VI) compounds are much lower than for total Cr. For years, sampling and analytical test methods for airborne Cr(VI) have been investigated so as to provide means for occupational exposure assessment to this highly toxic species. Inter-conversion of trivalent chromium (Cr[III]) and Cr(VI) can sometimes occur during sampling and sample preparation, and efforts to minimize unwanted redox reactions involving these chromium valences have been sought. Because of differences in toxicity, there is also interest in the ability to differentiate between water-soluble and insoluble forms of Cr(VI), and procedures that provide solubility information concerning Cr(VI) compounds have been developed. This paper reviews the state of the art concerning the measurement of airborne Cr(VI) compounds in workplace aerosols and related samples.
Keywords
Hexavalent-chromium-compounds; Carcinogens; Allergens; Respiratory-system-disorders; Aerosols; Analytical-methods; Air-quality-measurement; Air-sampling-techniques; Measurement-equipment; Chromium-compounds
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
CODEN
JEMOFW
CAS No.
18540-29-9; 16065-83-1
Publication Date
20031001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kashley@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Construction
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1464-0325
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Journal of Environmental Monitoring
State
OH
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