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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommendations to the U.S. Department of Labor for changes to hazardous orders.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
NIOSH 2002 May; :1-176
NIOSHTIC No.
20023914
Abstract
An average of 67 workers under 18 years of age die annually from occupational injuries, and an estimated 77,000 are treated in hospital emergency departments for nonfatal injuries. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), largely unchanged in decades, defines work activities prohibited for young workers through 28 Hazardous Orders (HOs) for nonagricultural and agricultural occupations. The U.S. Department of Labor, NIOSH and others have identified the need to assess the adequacy of existing HOs to protect working youth. NIOSH found justification for all of the existing HOs. Review of available data and scientific evidence found that work currently prohibited by HOs continues to pose risks for death, serious injury and disabling health conditions. NIOSH proposes several types of revisions to HOs: better definition of prohibited activities, incorporation of associated legislative provisions, and in some cases, removal of current exemptions. Additionally, NIOSH makes recommendations to expand several HOs to include similar work with comparable or greater risk. In a couple of cases, NIOSH concluded that revisions of existing HOs may be warranted, to allow use of currently prohibited equipment which appears to be associated with relatively minor injuries. Tables 1 and 2 summarize recommendations for existing HOs in nonagricultural and agricultural occupations, respectively.
Keywords
Age-factors; Age-groups; Injury-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-prevention
Publication Date
20020503
Document Type
Other
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
PB2004-101435
NTIS Price
A11
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DSR; EID
Priority Area
Work Environment And Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH; WV
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