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Hispanics and noise-induced hearing loss.

Authors
Rabinowitz-PM
Source
NIOSH 2000 Jan; :1-31
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20023760
Abstract
This pilot study focused on whether Hispanics were at increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss and were experiencing disproportionate morbidity due to hearing problems. The components of the study included a cross-sectional survey of workers' hearing status and knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding noise, hearing loss, and hearing protection. In addition, a threshold shift study compared hearing status before and after a work shift. Hearing was assessed with pure tone audiometry and distortion-produced otoacoustic emissions. Other risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss which were investigated included hearing protection fit, blood levels of antioxidants, and glucose status. Hispanics in the sample both reported and exhibited a greater degree of hearing problems than other groups. Otoacoustic emissions agreed with audiometric findings in terms of baseline hearing levels between groups. Hispanics and Asians with low levels of acculturation had markedly lower attenuation ratings from the use of hearing protection. Hispanics reported greater barriers to the use of hearing protection, possibly due to language barriers. Hispanics also reported greater difficulty coping with hearing loss. The results of this pilot study suggest that this fast-growing segment of the U.S. workforce is at increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss and may face greater barriers to the effective use of hearing protection. Further study of these issues is warranted to help design preventive interventions for this population.
Keywords
Demographic-characteristics; Hearing-loss; Hearing-disorders; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Morbidity-rates; Risk-factors; Hearing-protection; Antioxidants; Sampling
Contact
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, 135 College Street, 3rd Floor, New Haven, CT 06510
Publication Date
20000127
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
62384
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2000
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003782
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Work Environment And Workforce; Special Populations
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
CT
Performing Organization
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
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