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The NIOSH/FAA Working Women's Health Study: evaluation of the cosmic-radiation exposures of flight attendants.

Authors
Waters-M; Bloom-TF; Grajewski-B
Source
Health Phys 2000 Nov; 79(5):553-559
NIOSHTIC No.
20023750
Abstract
Air crew are exposed to elevated levels of cosmic ionizing radiation of galactic and solar origin and are among the more highly exposed occupational groups to ionizing radiation in the United States. Depending on flight route patterns, the annual dose may range from 0.2 to 5 mSv. By comparison, the average annual radiation dose equivalent of occupationally exposed adults in the United States is estimated to be 1.1 mSv. Cosmic-radiation dose depends primarily on altitude and geomagnetic latitude and to a lesser degree on solar activity. Although the International Commission on Radiological Protection has recommended that air crew exposures to natural radiation in-flight be treated as occupational exposures, United States flight crew exposures to natural cosmic radiation are not regulated or typically monitored. There are approximately 148,000 air crew (flight deck crew and flight attendants) in the United States.
Keywords
Health-programs; Health-surveys; Flight-personnel; Radiation-exposure; Radiation-hazards; Radiation-monitoring; Occupational-exposure; Health-hazards
Contact
Martha Waters, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway R-14, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226
CODEN
HLTPAO
Publication Date
20001101
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0017-9078
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Health Physics
State
OH
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