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Critical Success Factors for Behavior-Based Safety.

Geller-ES; Boyce-T; DePasquale-J; Pettinger-C; Williams-J
NIOSH 2001 May :1-275
Our specific aims were prompted by our review of the literature and have both practical and theoretical ramifications. From a practical perspective, we proposed to: a) develop flexible procedures for implementing an employee-driven behavior-based safety (BBS) process to reduce at-risk work behaviors and increase safe work practices; b) derive guidelines to increase employee involvement in a long-term BBS process; c) demonstrate both short and long-term effects of a BBS process on work practices, attitudes, person states, and injuries; d) study indirect behavioral effects of a behavioral observation and feedback process (i.e., determine whether targeting certain work behaviors for all intervention process will influence other safety-related behaviors); and e) determine the extent to which line workers can implement an objective and reliable behavior monitoring process as an integral aspect of their job assignments. From a theoretical perspective, we proposed to: a) compare hypotheses derived from basic learning theory (i.e., response generalization) with those from danger compensation or risk homeostasis theory; b) study the role of certain individual factors (i.e., self-esteem, self-efficacy, personal control, optimism, and belongingness) derived from personality/social theory as predictors of involvement in a safety process, and as person states hypothesized to change as a function of involvement in an intervention process; c) compare the validity of intrinsic motivation theory (from cognitive science) versus extrinsic contingencies (from behavioral science) as foundations for a long-term intervention process; and d) develop the construct of empowerment as a feeling state of individuals which is potentially increased by perceptions or expectancies of self-efficacy, personal control, and optimism. Consequently, the overarching purpose of the research reported here was not only to develop a set of guidelines for designing a practical long term intervention process to reduce the risk of unintentional injury in the workplace, but also to develop theory and principles for maximizing the cost effectiveness, ecological vaiidity, and potential for organizational institutionalization of injury prevention countermeasures. The results documented here demonstrate we have accomplished our major specific aims. In addition, we have been able to disseminate much of our findings through presentations, workshops, and professional publications. A list of our professional activities related to this NIOSH-funded research is included in Appendix A.
Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Injury-prevention; Work-practices; Worker-motivation; Occupational-safety-programs; Workplace-monitoring; Risk-factors
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Center for Applied Behavior Systems, 5100 Derring Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0436
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Final Grant Report
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Center for Applied Behavior Systems, Blacksburg, Virginia