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Safer mine layouts for underground stone mines subjected to excessive levels of horizontal stress.

Authors
Iannacchione-AT; Marshall-TE; Burke-L; Melville-R; Litsenberger-J
Source
Min Eng 2003 Apr; 55(4):25-31
NIOSHTIC No.
20023577
Abstract
Excessive levels of horizontal stresses cause groundfall hazards in underground mines in the Appalachian Basin. At an underground stone mine in Pennsylvania, a modified stress-control mine layout is reducing the hazardous conditions associated with excessive horizontal stresses. A microseismic monitoring system is in place to measure levels of rock stability and provide information on the effectiveness of the design technique. The microseismic data are supplemented with frequent and extensive mapping of roof falls and roof rock damage. Findings to date show that the stress control layout provides more stable conditions, resulting in a safer environment for the mine workers.
Keywords
Underground-mining; Safety-research; Stone-mines; Horizontal-stress; Ground-control
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CODEN
MIENAB
Publication Date
20030401
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0026-5187
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Mining Engineering
State
PA
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