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Priorities for development of research methods in occupational cancer.

Authors
Ward-EM; Schulte-PA; Bayard-S; Blair-A; Brandt-Rauf-P; Butler-MA; Dankovic-D; Hubbs-AF; Jones-C; Karstadt-M; Kedderis-GL; Melnick-R; Redlich-CA; Rothman-N; Savage-RE; Sprinker-M; Toraason-M; Weston-A
Source
Environ Health Perspect 2003 Jan; 111(1):1-12
NIOSHTIC No.
20023556
Abstract
Occupational cancer research methods was identified in 1996 as 1 of 21 priority research areas in the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA). To implement NORA, teams of experts from various sectors were formed and given the charge to further define research needs and develop strategies to enhance or augment research in each priority area. This article is a product of that process. Focus on occupational cancer research methods is important both because occupational factors play a significant role in a number of cancers, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality, and also because occupational cohorts (because of higher exposure levels) often provide unique opportunities to evaluate health effects of environmental toxicants and understand the carcinogenic process in humans. Despite an explosion of new methods for cancer research in general, these have not been widely applied to occupational cancer research. In this article we identify needs and gaps in occupational cancer research methods in four broad areas: identification of occupational carcinogens, design of epidemiologic studies, risk assessment, and primary and secondary prevention. Progress in occupational cancer will require interdisciplinary research involving epidemiologists, industrial hygienists, toxicologists, and molecular biologists.
Keywords
Occupational-diseases; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Morbidity-rates; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Environmental-exposure; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogens; Risk-factors; Industrial-hygienists; Epidemiology; Molecular-biology
Contact
P.A. Schulte, NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
CODEN
EVHPAZ
Publication Date
20030101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pas4@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0091-6765
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; EID; DART; HELD
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; NORA Implementation
Source Name
Environmental Health Perspectives
State
OH; MD; NY; VA; DC; NC; CT
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