Musculoskeletal disorders: conceptual framework and research gaps.
First Meeting of the OSHA National Advisory Committee on Ergonomics (NACE), Washington, DC, Jan 22, 2003, 2003 Jan; :1-26
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), such as low back pain, tendonitis, hand arm vibration syndrome and carpal tunnel syndrome account for a major fraction of the cost of work-related injury and illness in the United States, affecting more than one half-million workers each year. Published reviews of the scientific literature relating to MSDs have concluded that there is a moderate to strong relationship between physical and psychosocial stressors and development of MSDs and that the risk of having an MSD increases as the magnitude of the risk factors increase. It has also been shown that engineering controls can be highly effective in reducing risk of MSDs in the workplace. These findings are supported by anecdotal reports from industry experts. Additional research is needed, however, to further determine the relative contribution of the various risk factors, and their interactive effects on development of MSDs.
Ergonomics; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Human-factors-engineering; Vibration; Back-injuries; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Hand-injuries; Extremities; Engineering-controls; Physical-stress; Sociological-factors; Risk-factors
First Meeting of the OSHA National Advisory Committee on Ergonomics (NACE), Washington, DC,