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Proportionate mortality of crop and livestock farmers in the United States, 1984-1993.

Authors
Lee-E; Burnett-CA; Lalich-N; Cameron-LL; Sestito-JP
Source
Am J Ind Med 2002 Nov; 42(5):410-420
NIOSHTIC No.
20023482
Abstract
Livestock farmers are more likely to be exposed to a variety of different farming hazards than crop farmers. An analysis of occupation and industry-coded U.S. death certificate data from 26 states for the years 1984-1993 was conducted to evaluate mortality patterns among crop and livestock farmers. Cause-specific proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) were calculated using a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) computer program designed to calculate sex and race specific PMRs for occupations and industries in population-based data. Among white male (WM) livestock farmers, there was a significantly higher mortality from cancer of the pancreas, prostate and brain, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma, acute and chronic lymphoid leukemia, and Parkinson's disease. WM crop farmers showed significantly higher mortality risk for cancer of the lip, skin, multiple myeloma, and chronic lymphoid leukemia. These disease trends suggested that livestock farmers might be exposed to more carcinogens or agricultural chemicals than crop farmers.
Keywords
Farmers; Livestock; Livestock-industry; Occupational-hazards; Hazards; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Demographic-characteristics; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Prostate-cancer; Skin-cancer; Carcinogens; Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-workers; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Author Keywords: agriculture; mortality; cancer
Contact
Eunil Lee, Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, #126-1, Anam-Dong 5 Ga, Sungbuk-Ku, Seoul 136-705, Korea
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20021101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
eunil@korea.ac.kr
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH; MI
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