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Effects of signal regularity and salience on vigilance performance and cerebral hemovelocity.

Authors
Hollander-TD; Warm-JS; Matthews-GR; Dember-WN; Parasuraman-R; Hitchcock-EM; Beam-CA; Tripp-LD
Source
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, September 29 - October 4, 2002, Baltimore, Maryland, Bringing Fundamentals & New Opportunities. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2002 Sep; 46(Percep Perform):1654-1658
NIOSHTIC No.
20023296
Abstract
The signal regularity effect - enhanced performance efficiency when critical signals for detection appear in a temporally regular as opposed to an irregular manner- has a long history in vigilance research. However, the precise conditions under which this effect can be elicited have not been identified. Toward that end, this study demonstrates that the effect is limited to low salience signals, perhaps because the effort needed to generate veridical temporal expectancies is unnecessary with high salience signals. Additionally, using signal detection theory indices (d' & c) and neuroimaging of cerebral blood flow via transcranial Doppler sonography, this study also shows that the signal regularity effect is rooted in sensing rather than decision-making factors and that it is localized in the right cerebral hemisphere.
Keywords
Humans; Sensory-perceptual-processes; Sensory-thresholds; Central-nervous-system
CODEN
PHFSDQ
Publication Date
20020901
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780945289203
Issue of Publication
Percep Perform
ISSN
1071-1813
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, September 29 - October 4, 2002, Baltimore, Maryland, Bringing Fundamentals & New Opportunities
State
OH; DC
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