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Effect of having a-priori knowledge of the floor's contaminant condition of the biomechanics of slips.

Authors
Cham-R; Moyer-B; Redfern-MS
Source
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, September 29 - October 4, 2002, Baltimore, Maryland, Bringing Fundamentals & New Opportunities. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2002 Sep; 46(Ind Erg):1181-1185
NIOSHTIC No.
20023288
Abstract
Injuries and deaths are often the result of slips/falls. The perceived danger of slipping affects gait biomechanics. This paper investigated the effect of having a-priori knowledge of the floor's contaminant condition on the biomechanics of slips. Five healthy young male subjects donned a safety harness and walked across a walkway, while ground reaction forces and whole body motion were recorded bilaterally at 60 Hz. Slips on soapy floors occurred under 3 "knowledge" conditions: (1) unexpected slips, (2) slips when uncertain of the contaminant condition, and (3) slips when walking onto known contaminated floors. In (2) and (3), i.e. anticipation of slippery surfaces, subjects generated proactive reactions (reduced stance duration and foot angle at heel contact as well as greater hip flexion) compared to unexpected conditions in (1). Those reactions reduced slip potential but also minimized gait disturbances (reduced slip distance and sliding velocity of the heel) when a slip occurred.
Keywords
Biomechanics; Floors; Accident-prevention; Surface-properties; Injury-prevention; Humans
CODEN
PHFSDQ
Publication Date
20020901
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Amount
149354
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780945289203
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-007533
Issue of Publication
Ind Erg
ISSN
1071-1813
Source Name
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, September 29 - October 4, 2002, Baltimore, Maryland, Bringing Fundamentals & New Opportunities
State
OH
Performing Organization
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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