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Strategy for improving dissemination of occupational safety and health information.

Schulte-P; Morgan-V; Okun-A; Stephenson-CM; Colligan-M; Dankovic-D; Ahlers-H; Gjessing-C; Loos-G; Niemeier-R; Stayner-L; Sweeney-M
ICOH 2002 Oct; :286-287
Despite being widely practiced, dissemination of occupational safety and health information has not received extensive scholarly attention. Consequently, practically no relevant scientific literature describes the objectives, costs, utility, and effectiveness of such dissemination. In recent years, the Education and Information Division of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has addressed some of these issues by developing models of information dissemination as a critical component of the occupational safety and health "system." To construct these models, NIOSH has developed a framework for modeling and tracking dissemination. The framework identifies more than 20 legislative mandates for information dissemination. These mandates drive a model that includes surveillance, priority setting, research, dissemination, and risk management. A framework for tracking dissemination efforts with four output categories has been adapted from Geisler (1996). Each stage of the framework creates a transformation activity that modifies the prior output. To focus more attention on dissemination, the safety and health community needs to (1) involve stakeholders in product development and assessment; (2) develop methods to measure sequential outputs, translations, and transformations of research findings; (3) utilize the skills and techniques offered by information science, communication and diffusion theories, social marketing, organizational behavior studies and decision theory, and the sociology of knowledge; (4) enhance strategies to manage the dissemination of occupational safety and health knowledge across all occupational sectors; and (5) continually evaluate the effectiveness of dissemination efforts.
Occupational-health; Models; Safety-research; Health-programs; Health-standards; Risk-analysis; Behavioral-testing; Behavioral-tests; Sociology
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Best Practices in Occupational Safety and Health, Education, Training, and Communication: Ideas That Sizzle, 6th International Conference, Scientific Committee on Education and Training in Occupational Health, ICOH, In Cooperation with The International Communication Network, ICOH, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, October 28-30, 2002