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External cause-specific summaries of occupational fatal injuries: part I - an analysis of rates.

Authors
Bailer-AJ; Bena-JF; Stayner-LT; Halperin-WE; Park-RM
Source
Am J Ind Med 2003 Mar; 43(3):237-250
NIOSHTIC No.
20023248
Abstract
Industries and occupations vary with respect to the incidence of fatal injuries and their causes. Fatalities from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality database (years 1983-1994) serve as the basis for examining external cause of death code specific rates. Industries and occupations are compared with respect to rate and frequency of fatal injuries. In addition, external causes of injury (E-codes) are examined across all industries and occupations as well as within industries and occupations to evaluate which events would be identified by frequency ordered comparisons versus injury rate ordered comparisons. Machinery, electric current, homicide, falls, and transportation-related events are identified by high frequency and rate of occurrence. The external cause categories of homicide, machinery-related, motor-vehicle- related, electric current, and falls, account for over one-half of all occupational fatal injuries. Targeted interventions in homicide may be especially warranted in sales and service occupations and in the retail trade and services industries. In addition, younger workers might be targeted for special interventions designed to identify hazardous practices, procedures, and solutions to reduce fatalities associated with electrocution or falls from buildings.
Keywords
Occupational-hazards; Morbidity-rates; Injuries; Surveillance-programs; Traumatic-injuries; Electrocutions; Transportation; Workers; Workplace-studies; Machine-operators; Information-retrieval-systems; Accident-statistics; Motor-vehicles
Contact
A.John Bailer, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056-1641
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20030301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
baileraj @muohio.edu
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
EID
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Risk Assessment Methods
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NJ; OH
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