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Hazard recognition and risk communication tools: examples from mining, construction, and emergency response.

Authors
Scharf-T; Kowalski-K; Wiehagen-B; Ramani-R; Lineberry-GT
Source
ICOH 2002 Oct; :59-60
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20023219
Abstract
Many hazardous work environments require careful attention and quick reactions to changing conditions. Workers must attend to surrounding hazards while they are actively engaged in the production processes (or a rescue). The requirement for active, dual attention places a high cognitive demand on workers. This symposium will provide concrete examples of hazard recognition and risk communication training tools to promote and maintain workers' awareness of dynamic hazards. Whether the emergency is a mine fire or a burning building, first responders face rapidly changing conditions of imminent danger. They tend to focus on the rescue, and personal safety becomes a secondary priority. The introductory presentation to this symposium considers the types of hazards and the consequences for responders working in these extreme circumstances. The second presentation illustrates a three-dimensional, hazard recognition training procedure first developed for the mining industry and more recently tested in heavy construction. The third presentation describes the use of simulation exercises in mining and construction to help workers experience making time-critical decisions in realistic work settings. The final presentation describes two checklists for extension ladder set-up and use. These checklists have been designed to decrease the observed variability in work practices with ladders. The checklists are suitable for: 1) tool-box training, 2) pocket reminders, and 3) injury investigation and follow-up.The materials presented illustrate concrete methods to improve worker recognition of hazardous conditions and judgment and decision-making in a changing environment. The discussant will address these issues to promote more effective OSH training.
Keywords
Work-environment; Occupational-hazards; Hazards; Mining-industry; Construction-industry; Emergency-response; Emergency-responders; Miners; Construction-workers
Publication Date
20021028
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DART; PRL
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
Source Name
Best Practices in Occupational Safety and Health, Education, Training, and Communication: Ideas That Sizzle, 6th International Conference, Scientific Committee on Education and Training in Occupational Health, ICOH, In Cooperation with The International Communication Network, ICOH, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, October 28-30, 2002
State
OH; PA; KY; MD
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