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Theoretically-based eye injury prevention messages: working with carpenters.

Inman-C; Lewis-V; Jackson-L; Landsittel-D; Blanciforti-L
ICOH 2002 Oct; :52-53
The reduction of worker exposure to hazards is a concern of many researchers. Changing workplace practices, management policies, and behavioral recommendations are ways occupational risk can be improved. However, little information exists on the combination of interventions with behavioral modifications at work and whether the recommended behavior is properly performed. This study examined whether poor compliance with the use of personal protective equipment, specifically eye protection, in the workplace, can be improved by incorporating the expressed needs of the workers and by using this information to improve the tools of safety communication. This project examined the safety eye wear usage of a group of carpenters. Focus groups were convened and survey data were collected to determine the carpenters' attitudes, concerns, and problems related to the use of eye protection. This data collection was guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the information collected was incorporated into the study's safety interventions. An advantage of addressing the concerns of employers and workers is that the safety and health interventions generated are far more likely to be perceived as practical and acceptable for use in the workplace by both workers and employers. Thus, it provides an opportunity to examine the interventions' intended effect of better self-protection. The effectiveness of the approach was assessed by field observations collected before and after the intervention. The results indicate that a theory-based approach, such as TPB, can be successfully implemented in an occupational environment and can supply practitioners with practical and effective eye injury prevention program.
Eye-injuries; Eye-protection; Injury-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Hazards; Work-practices; Work-environment; Personal-protective-equipment; Safety-glasses; Safety-measures; Eye-protective-equipment
Publication Date
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Best Practices in Occupational Safety and Health, Education, Training, and Communication: Ideas That Sizzle, 6th International Conference, Scientific Committee on Education and Training in Occupational Health, ICOH, In Cooperation with The International Communication Network, ICOH, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, October 28-30, 2002