On August 1, 2002, a 48-year-old male volunteer fire fighter (the victim) was severely burned while fighting a wildland fire. The victim was spraying water from the bed of a pickup truck that was equipped with a portable water tank and pump when he fell out of the truck bed into the fire. The victim ran about 200 yards trying to escape the fire, but during his escape attempt, he was severely burned. He died 5 days later from his burn injuries. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to minimize the risk of similar occurrences, fire departments should: 1. ensure that fire fighters follow established procedures for combating ground cover fires; 2. develop and implement an Incident Command System; 3. develop, implement, and enforce standard operating procedures; 4. provide fire fighters with wildland-appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) (e.g., Nomex pants or coveralls) that is NFPA 1977 compliant and appropriate wildland fire fighter training; 5. use National Weather Service (NWS) Fire Weather (WX) Forecasters for all fire weather predictions and immediately share all information about significant fire weather and fire behavior events (e.g., long-range spotting, torching, spotting, gusts, and fire whirls), with all personnel; 6. follow the 10 standard fire orders developed by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group; and, 7. ensure that the Incident Commander conveys strategic decisions to all suppression crews on the fireground and continuously evaluates fire conditions.