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An examination of the Loyalhanna limestone's structural features and their impact on mining and ground control practices.

Authors
Iannacchione-AT; Coyle-PA
Source
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, August 6-8, 2002, Morgantown, West Virginia. Peng SS, Mark C, Khair AW, Heasley KA, eds., Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, 2002 Aug; :218-227
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20023140
Abstract
A close look at the Loyalhanna Limestone of southwestern Pennsylvania reveals a complex structural environment. Most exposures of the Loyalhanna occur along Chestnut Ridge and Laurel Hill within the Allegheny Mountain Section of the Appalachian Plateaus Province. Because the Loyalhanna is rated as a super-pavement aggregate by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and because of its proximity to the population centers of southwestern Pennsylvania, the Loyalhanna has been extensively mined along these prominent anticlinal structures. Geologic and engineering analyses were performed using gas well and core logs, outcrop examinations, underground observations, and mine maps. Strata exposures from both outcrops and quarries were used to construct geologic maps, stereonet, and rose diagram projections so that the Loyalhanna's structural environment could be understood better. Many of these structural conditions cause ground control problems at local quarries. These problems ranged from small-to-moderate sized rock falls associated with roof jointing to pillar failures associated with dipping discontinuities. Stresses ranged from tensional on structural domes where weathering dominates, to high levels of compression within structural saddles. A greater understanding of these characteristics is a prerequisite to develop engineering controls, such as improved mine layouts, pillar sizes, etc., that lessen miner exposure to these hazards.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Ground-control; Work-environment; Occupational-exposure; Geology; Engineering; Underground-mining; Quarries; Occupational-hazards; Hazards; Engineering-controls; Control-technology; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Rock-mechanics
Publication Date
20020806
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Peng-SS; Mark-C; Khair-AW; Heasley-KA
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0939084569
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, August 6-8, 2002, Morgantown, West Virginia
State
PA; WV
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