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Ethical issues in occupational health research.

Authors
Ward-EM; Hurrell-JJ; Colligan-MJ
Source
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 2002 Oct; 17(4):637-655
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20023078
Abstract
This is an overview of ethical issues in occupational health research involving human subjects. Research that requires human subjects review must be distinguished from surveillance or public health practice. Confidentiality and privacy concerns are particularly important in an occupational setting because individual participants may be identifiable through job title or other characteristics, and because there may be concerns about employment discrimination associated with participation status or results. Additional issues include notification of individual test results to the study participants, including whether the results have clinical significance and/or provide other potentially relevant information to the study subjects; consent for banking of biological specimens for future research (e.g., uses of the specimens, plans for anonymization, notification of future results); and the higher level of sensitivity of workplace studies involving genetic modifiers of risk. Many occupational studies involve no more than minimal risk. Studies that involve greater than minimal risk require the investigator to document the potential risks and attempt to minimize them.
Keywords
Humans; Occupational-health; Regulations; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors
Contact
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA.
CODEN
SAOME4
Publication Date
20021001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jjh3@cdc.gov
Editors
Forst-L; Orris-P
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781560533771
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0885-114X
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; EID
Source Name
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. Ethics in the Workplace
State
OH
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