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Diesel Exhaust Aerosol, Review of Measurement Technology.

Authors
Cantrell-BK; Watts-WF Jr.
Source
The Canadian Adhoc Committee Proceedings of the November 6&7, 1996, Plenary Conference in Toronto, Ontario, Diesel Emissions Exposure Reduction in Mines. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET) :7.1-7.9
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20022998
Abstract
The U.S. Bureau of mines and others have conducted a number of occupational exposure surveys since the publication of the International Agency for Research on Cancer report of 1989, which labeled diesel exhaust as a probable human carcinogen. These surveys have assessed diesel exhaust exposure using measurement of diesel aerosol and/or specific polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as indicators of exposure. This report reviews, available diesel exhaust aerosol and gas measurement techniques. Measurement of human exposure to toxic agents if the first step in determining the exposure-dose-response relationship. It is a fundamental step in risk assessment. Measuring exposure to diesel exhaust pollutants if particularly challenging due to the complexity and variability of exhaust components. This paper reviews current occupational health standards for diesel emissions and available diesel exhaust gas and aerosol measurement techniques. Although surveys in mines have primarily assessed diesel exhaust exposure using diesel particulate matter (DPM) some exhaust gas measurements have been used as indicators of exposure. DPM is emphasized because it is a major component of diesel exhaust, is suspected to make a major contribution to the health hazard, and is measurable.
Keywords
Diesel-exhausts; Diesel-emissions; Diesel-engines; Mining-industry; Carcinogens; Aerosols; Exhaust-gases
CAS No.
630-08-0; 124-38-9; 7446-09-5; 10102-44-0; 10102-43-9; 50-00-0
Publication Date
19960101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRL;
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns
Source Name
The Canadian Adhoc Committee Proceedings
State
PA
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