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Prevalance of radiologic pneumoconiosis in active Ukrainian coal miners.

Authors
Cohen-RA; Basanets-A; Besonova-N; Latishef-E; Oliynyk-I; Shulzhenko-O; Velho-V; Kundiev-Y
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002 Apr 165(8)(Suppl):A529
NIOSHTIC No.
20022994
Abstract
Coal mine dust levels in Ukrainian coal mines have been reported to be more than 10 times the level in US coal mines. The prevalence of radiologic pneumoconiosis among coal miners in Ukraine has not been well studied due to lack of resources for full format frontal chest radiographs and certified B-readers equipped with the ILO standard films for the International Classification of Pneumoconiosis This abstract reports the first results of standardized examinations of a random sample drawn from a cohort of 7000 coal miners from Donetsk, Ukraine. Standard frontal CXRs were obtained on 500 randomly selected underground miners with at least 5 years of experience B-readings of CXRs were performed on each film by two NIOSH certified B- readers. 268 CXRs were available for review. No cases of complicated pneumoconiosis were found. Less than 1% of cases had pleural disease. Rates of pneumoconiosis were found to be 1.32 to 2.75 times the levels (2.8%) found in the most recent US miners in the Mine Safety and Health Administration's coal worker's chest x-ray surveillance program. This may be an underestimate of the true prevalence in Ukrainian coal miners due to a significant healthy worker effect.
Keywords
Coal-dust; Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Mining-industry; Pneumoconiosis; Radiography; Underground-mining; Underground-miners; X-ray-diagnosis; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders
CODEN
AJCMED
Publication Date
20020401
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Amount
1318604
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510424
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1073-449X
Source Name
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2002 International Conference, The American Thoracic Society, Atlanta Georgia, May 17-22, 2002
State
MD; IL
Performing Organization
University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health
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