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Judgment and decision making under stress: an overview for emergency managers.

Authors
Kowalski-Trakofler-KM; Vaught-C; Scharf-T
Source
Int J Emerg Manag 2003 Jan; 1(3):278-289
NIOSHTIC No.
20022944
Abstract
This paper discusses human judgment and decision-making under stress. The authors review selected recent literature across various disciplines and suggest a definition of stress within the context of decision-making during the management of emergencies. They also discuss fieldwork by the Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, NIOSH, which explores traumatic incident stress, the relationship between previous training and performance under stressful conditions, and human behavior in underground mine fires. The authors assert that stress is one of the factors that decision-makers must contend with in most life-or-death situations. They suggest that a better understanding of individual judgment and decision-making activities while under stress would yield a better understanding of how people reach the choices they make in emergencies. This enhanced understanding would be of enormous value to emergency managers, researchers, and policymakers.
Keywords
Stress; Decision-making; Mining-industry; Mine-disasters; Underground-mining; Emergency-response; Author Keywords: stress; judgment; decision making; emergency management; mining
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CODEN
IJEMB6
Publication Date
20030101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kkowalski@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1471-4825
NIOSH Division
PRL; DART
Source Name
International Journal of Emergency Management
State
PA; OH
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