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Ergonomic job design to accommodate and prevent musculoskeletal disabilities.

Authors
Waters-TR; MacDonald-LA
Source
Assist Technol 2001 Jan; 13(2):88-93
NIOSHTIC No.
20022879
Abstract
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for a major portion of the cost of work-related injury and illness in the United States. Many of these injuries and illnesses lead to temporary or permanent disability. It is generally accepted that the incidence of MSDs increases when the demands of the job exceed the capabilities of the worker. As the workforce ages and physical capabilities decline, it is anticipated that many more Americans will request disability-related leave resulting from musculoskeletal disorders because they are unable to meet the demands of the job. To prevent these disabilities and to accommodate a wider range of people in the workforce, physical job demands may have to be reduced so that a larger portion of the population will be capable of working. Providing engineering controls or alternative work arrangements allows for accommodation of workers with a wide range of capabilities and can assist in rehabilitation and early return to work following injury.
Keywords
Workplace-studies; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system; Worker-health; Engineering-controls; Ergonomics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Job-analysis; Author Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorders; Ergonomic interventions; Obesity; Aging; Job accommodation; Diversity
Contact
Dr. Thomas R. Waters, Chief Human Factors and Ergonomics Research Section, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway (MS C-24), Cincinnati, Ohio 45226
Publication Date
20010101
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1040-0435
NIOSH Division
DART; DSHEFS
Source Name
Assistive Technology
State
OH
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