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All-cause and cause-specific death rates by educational status for two million people in two American Cancer Society cohorts, 1959-1996.

Authors
Steenland-K; Henley-J; Thun-M
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2002 Jul; 156(1):11-21
NIOSHTIC No.
20022759
Abstract
Low socioeconomic status is associated with high mortality, but the extent to which socioeconomic status affects particular diseases and whether socioeconomic status effects have changed over time are uncertain. The authors used education as a marker for socioeconomic status in a study of two large American Cancer Society cohorts (follow-up, 1959-1996). Low education was associated with higher death rates in both cohorts from all causes and most specific causes, except breast cancer and external causes among women. Life expectancy in the more recent cohort was 4.8 years shorter for men and 2.7 years shorter for women for the least versus the most educated. The inverse relation between education and mortality was strongest for coronary heart disease, lung cancer, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; moderate for colorectal cancer, external causes (men only), and stroke; weak for prostate cancer; and reversed for external causes among women. The direction of a weak gradient for breast cancer differed for those with and without prevalent breast cancer at baseline. Adjustment for conventional risk factors, probable intermediate variables between education and mortality, diminished but did not eliminate the observed educational/mortality gradients. Temporal trends showed increasing mortality differences by education for coronary heart disease, diabetes, and lung cancer for women.
Keywords
Sociology; Sociological-factors; Diseases; Education; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Heart; Lung-cancer; Pulmonary-disorders; Prostate-cancer; Breast-cancer
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
20020701
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
OH; GA
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