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HLA-DPB1 and chronic beryllium disease: a HuGE review.

Authors
McCanlies-EC; Kreiss-K; Andrew-M; Weston-A
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2003 Mar; 157(5):388-398
NIOSHTIC No.
20022661
Abstract
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex is a series of genes located on chromosome 6 that are important in normal immune function. Susceptibility to chronic beryllium disease, a granulomatous lung disease that appears in workers exposed to beryllium, is modified by genetic variants of the HLA-DP subregion. Evaluation of HLA-DPB1 sequence motifs in current and former beryllium workers implicated a glutamic acid residue at position 69 (HLA-DPB1(Glu69)) in chronic beryllium disease. This finding has since been extended to specific HLA-DPB1(Glu69) alleles. Specific job tasks have also been implicated in degree of risk, and in this paper the authors explore gene-environment interaction. The utility of this genetic information for prospective, current, and former beryllium workers must be weighed against the potential for employment and insurance discrimination. Continued research in the beryllium-exposed population will be important for improving personal risk assessment and identifying high-risk genes associated with disease progression.
Keywords
Beryllium-compounds; Beryllium-disease; Epidemiology; Genetic-factors; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Workers; Exposure-levels; Lung-disease; Genes; Heavy-metals
Contact
Dr. Erin C. McCaniles, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, MS-L4020, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888
CODEN
AJEPAS
CAS No.
7440-41-7
Publication Date
20030301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
eim4@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
HELD; DRDS
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Risk Assessment Methods; Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
WV
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