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Machine-related work injury in the USA.

Authors
Etherton-J; Long-D
Source
Injury Prevention and Control, 6th World Conference, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, May 12-15, 2002. Montréal: Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 2002 May; :428-429
NIOSHTIC No.
20022626
Abstract
Machinery safety in the USA can improve during the 21st century if risk reduction measures can be implemented that are the result of meaningful machinery risk assessment team activities. Effective machinery risk reduction is guided by data about injuries that have already occurred on similar machines. The trend in average number of fatalities reported annually for metalwork machinery decreased during the 80's and 90's projecting a straight-line decrease to 5 fatalities per year by 2010. The trend in average number of amputations reported annually for metalworking machinery decreased during the 80's and 90's projecting a straight-decrease to 4000 amputations per year by 2010. The frequency of severe injury during machine maintenance and during normal operation is about the same, but the injury for maintenance tasks is higher when exposure time is considered. Conclusion: In the new century, data collection capabilities must continue to improve order to drive injury reduction activities, especially with regard to injuries during machine maintenance. Data collection on machine-related injuries is not sufficiently geared toward highlighting the task, hazard, and safeguarding provided. Lack of information on these factors limits the precision with which corrective measures can recommended. Data-driven machinery safety activities in the USA will be advanced. Data helps machinery safety practitioners focus on: Goal setting: in areas where protective measures are needed; and measurement against goals to see how effective countermeasures actually are in preventing injuries. Partnering with other North American experts on common machine safety goals is also achieved.
Keywords
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Accident-statistics; Accident-rates; Accidents; Accident-prevention; Accident-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Machine-operators; Machinists; Equipment-operators; Metal-workers; Metalworking; Metalworking-industry
Publication Date
20020501
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9782760618459
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Injury Prevention and Control, 6th World Conference, Montréal, Quebec, Canada, May 12-15, 2002
State
WV
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