Use of respiratory protection among responders at the World Trade Center site - New York City, September 2001.
Prezant-D; Kelly-K; Jackson-B; Peterson-D; Feldman-D; Baron-S; Mueller-CA; Bernard-B; Lushniak-B; Smith-L; BerryAnn-R; Hoffman-B
MMWR 2002 Sep; 51(Special Issue):6-8
The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001, created an occupational health and safety challenge for New York City (NYC) firefighters and rescue workers responding to the disaster. Immediate respiratory hazards included explosions, fire, falling debris, and dust clouds containing particulate matter comprised of pulverized building materials. Ongoing risks included lingering particulate matter in the air and intermittent combustion products from initial and persistent fires beneath the rubble pile. Because the nature and extent of exposures in disaster situations are complex and difficult to characterize, the use of adequate personal protective equipment (PPE), including respiratory protection, is essential in protecting the health of firefighters and other rescue workers. During the weeks after September 11, the NYC Fire Department's Bureau of Health Services (FDNY-BHS) and CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) organized a collaborative study to evaluate occupational hazards and exposures for these workers, including their use of respiratory protection. This report summarizes the results of that study, which indicate that the majority of firefighters did not use adequate respiratory protection during the first week of the rescue/recovery operation.
Personal-protective-equipment; Region-2; Respirators; Respiratory-equipment; Fire-fighters; Fire-fighting-equipment; Emergency-responders; Respiratory-protection; Respirable-dust; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards
Issue of Publication
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
New York City Fire Department