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Lucigenin chemiluminescence assay as an adjunctive tool for assessment of various stages of inflammation: a study of quiescent inflammatory cells.

Authors
Dyke-KV; Patel-S; Vallyathan-V
Source
J Biosci 2003 Feb; 28(1):115-119
NIOSHTIC No.
20022590
Abstract
A simple, fast, precise and biologically relevant toxicity assay for screening cytotoxicity of minerals would have distinct advantages due to its cost benefits and relative savings in time. Furthermore, a bioassay to differentiate acute and chronic in vivo pulmonary reactions could have potential value as predictors of fibrogenicity and pathogenicity. In this study we examined the potential use of lucigenin as a probe to evaluate the correlation between chemiluminescence (CL) generated by alveolar macrophages with the known cytotoxicity and pathogenicity by conventional bioassays. In this study, we used small doses of dust (20 mg) to minimize cellular overload and to maintain homeostasis. Crystalline silica a highly fibrogenic dust was used as positive control and results are compared with those for bentonite, kaolin and talc. Among the three minerals compared with silica, bentonite was more reactive (27%) in CL assay and declined sharply compared to other minerals. This sudden decline in bentonite CL is caused by cytotoxicity leading to cell death. CL-induced by talc was comparable to silica and declines slowly. Kaolin on the other hand produced relatively a weaker (25%) CL compared to silica. Our data using relatively low doses of dust suggest that the CL assay may have a better predictive value in cytotoxicity evaluations compared to conventional toxicity assays.
Keywords
In-vivo-studies; In-vitro-studies; Luminescence; Dust-exposure; Pulmonary-disorders; Silica-dusts; Fibrosis; Cytotoxic-effects; Cytotoxins; Mineral-dusts
Contact
West Virginia Health Science Center, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Morgantown, WV, 26506
CODEN
JOBSDN
CAS No.
14808-60-7
Publication Date
20030201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kvandyke@hsc.wvu.edu
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0250-5991
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Mixed Exposures
Source Name
Journal of Biosciences
State
WV
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